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Sri Lanka is the place to see all kinds of waterfalls, as it is blessed with over one hundred waterfalls. Two half-yearly monsoons make rivers rush down the rocks and form spectacular waterfalls. Some of these amazing waterfalls can be viewed easily, while the others are located inside thick forests and around tea plantations and worth a trek.

Diyaluma Waterfall

Diyaluma is one of the most mesmerising waterfalls in Sri Lanka and being able to hike to the top of the cascading waterfall is in one word amazing! Diyaluma Falls is the second biggest waterfall in Sri Lanka and is the perfect spot for a full day adventure. There are multiple falls and natural pools throughout this hike in the Badulla region. In Sinhalese, Diyaluma or Diya Haluma means “rapid flow of water” or may be translated as “liquid light”. According to the Sri Lankan historian, Dr. R. L. Brohier, Diyaluma is the setting of the folklore about a tragedy involving a young chief who had been banished to the highlands and the attempt by his fiancée to join him. As all the passes were guarded, the young man let down a rope of twisted creepers over the slope, and while he was hauled up, he was dashed against the rocks and died.

Bambarakanda Waterfall

Bambarakanda waterfall is the highest waterfall of Sri Lanka and is in Haldummulla. In height it is around 263 metres. The water falls from a high rock on to other rocks and becomes more beautiful as it falls. Water comes from a tributary from Horton Plains. From there it goes to Samanala Wewa, meaning the Valley of Butterflies. Finally falls to the Walawe River. The area around Bambarakanda has beautiful scenery, rugged terrain, some smaller waterfalls, tea plantations and a cool climate which makes it an attractive destination for nature lovers.

St Clair’s Waterfall

St Clair’s Waterfall is one of the widest waterfalls in Sri Lanka and is also called the “Little Niagara of Sri Lanka”. Situated close to Talawakele on the Hatton-Talawakele Highway in Nuwara Eliya District. If you are heading to Nuwara Eliya through the Hatton-Thalawakele Road, you can see this wonderful waterfall, which offers an amazing view along with a range of mountains and valleys. Even when the water stream is reduced, St. Clair’s reflects its stunning beauty. It is one of six waterfalls affected by the Upper Kotmale Hydropower Project.

St. Clair’s is located along the Kotmale Oya, a tributary of the Mahaweli River, as it cascades over three rock outcrops into a large pool, running through a tea estate, from which the fall derives its name. The waterfall consists of two falls called “Maha Ella” (in Sinhalese “The Greater Fall”), which is 80 metres high and 50 meters wide and “Kuda Ella”, (in Sinhalese “The Lesser Fall”), which is 50 meters high and located just downstream of the main fall. St Clair’s falls are the 20th highest waterfall of Sri Lanka.

Ravana Falls

Ravana Falls is a must visit in Ella. The hill country of Sri Lanka is quite popular for beautiful waterfalls and Ravana Falls is one of these! Ravana Falls in Ella is named after the demon King Ravana who, according to traditional folklore, is believed to have ruled Sri Lanka. Ravana Waterfalls is a popular sightseeing attraction and currently ranks as one of the widest waterfalls in Sri Lanka. It is best visited during the wet season.

Baker's Falls

Baker’s Falls (Sinhalese: Gonagala Ella) is another popular waterfall in Sri Lanka. The waterfall is in the Horton Plains National Park, on a tributary of the BelihulOya. Baker’s Waterfalls is 22 metres in height. The falls were named after British explorer and hunter, Sir Samuel Baker, who discovered it in 1845. Lots of giant fern bushes and rhododendrons can be seen around this waterfall.

Dunhinda Falls

Dunhinda Falls is a waterfall located about 5 kilometres from Badulla in the lower central hills of Sri Lanka. The fall is created by the Badulu Oya river, which flows through Badulla. Due to its smoky water drops spray, it is also named the “Bridal Fall”. Another reason to get this name is that the shape of the waterfall is like a bridal veil. In the Sinhala language, “dun” stands for smoke and “hinda” stands for evaporating. The water of Dunhinda Falls in Sri Lanka falls to a pristine natural pool below, it is not recommended to bathe in this waterfall as it can be extremely dangerous.


Sri Lanka’s tropical nature is one of the most exotic natures in the world. Most tropical species like slender loris, leopards, wild cats and jungle cats, sloth bears and elephants can be witnessed in Sri Lanka. The Pearl of the Indian Ocean is also famous for migrating and indigenous birds.