24 x 7 Service - Get a Personalized Quote Today

Bird Watching

Sri Lanka is one of the best places in Asia for bird watching too, because of the large number of endemic species and due to its strategic place in the Indian Ocean for migrating birds. The bird life of Sri Lanka is very rich, there are 452 species which are resident, of which 33 species are endemic to Sri Lanka. At many of the 26 National Parks you can watch the birds, next to all kinds of other animals. In these nature reserves, all kinds of animals can be found, from crocodiles to elephants and leopards and at many of the national parks you can do safaris all around the year. The best National Parks to do the birdwatching are highlighted in this section; over 400 varieties of bird species can be seen in these various parks. Nature lovers are allowed to enter National Parks but only for the purpose of observing flora and fauna and with an entrance ticket / permit.

Bundala National Park

Bundala National Park is one of the smallest national parks in Sri Lanka but quite unique. The national park is adjoined to a protected coastal area in the southeastern part of the country. It consists of marshes, lagoons, and sand dunes.

It is also the first wetland in the country to be declared in 1991 as Ramsar site in recognition of its importance to areas of high biodiversity value, including wetlands. The park is also considered an internationally important habitat for migratory birds. Bundala has about 230 indigenous and migrant bird species, including many wetland species.

In 2005, UNESCO designated the National Park as a biosphere reserve, The Bundala Biosphere Reserve (BBR). Bundala is Sri Lanka’s only biosphere reserve located at the coast. Despite the small size of the park, you can still see Asian elephants, deer, porcupines, leopards, wild boars, jackals, different types of fish and amphibia, five different species of sea turtles and two species of crocodiles.

The park is for wildlife photographers and bird watchers a must!

Sinharaja Forest

Sinharaja Forest Reserve is Sri Lanka’s last area of primary tropical rainforest. More than 60% of the trees are endemic and many of them are considered rare. This hilly virgin rainforest, part of the Sri Lanka lowland rain forests ecoregion, was saved from commercial logging by its inaccessibility and was designated a World Biosphere Reserve in 1978 and a World Heritage Site in 1988. The reserve’s name means Lion Kingdom. The Forest Reserve is a treasure trove of endemic species, including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Birds tend to move in mixed feeding flocks, invariably led by the fearless Sri Lanka Crested Drongo and the noisy, orange-billed babbler. Of Sri Lanka’s 33 endemic birds’ species, the 20 rainforest species all occur here, including the elusive red-faced malkoha, green-billed coucal and Sri Lanka blue magpie. Reptiles, including the endemic green pit viper, the hump-nosed vipers and other snakes, and a large variety of amphibians, especially tree frogs, are living in Sinharaja as well as invertebrates include the endemic common birdwing butterfly and leeches…

Kanneliya Rainforest

The Kanneliya Rainforest is Sri Lanka’s lesser-known forest reserve, with two of the island’s main rivers running through it and a diverse range of wildlife living within its thick canopy. Neatly tucked away just 35 kilometres away from Galle, the forest reserve also houses around 78 villages. The wildlife tracker who will guide you in Kanneliya is from one of these forest reserve villages and has spent his entire lifetime living within the reserve. The scenery in the area is straight out of the Jungle Book and the opportunity to be out in nature makes this a fantastic experience for children and families.

The Kanneliya National Park is home to many species of endemic wildlife. The forest reserve is home to close to 17 percent of lowland endemic floral species and 86 species of mammals, 20 endemic species of birds, 36 species of snakes, 23 species of lizards, 14 species of lizards, 32 species of butterflies and 20 percentage of the country’s endemic fish which inhabit the two main rivers that are fed by the springs of the Kanneliya Rain Forest. Some of the endemic birds you can see here are the endangered Red Faced Malkoha, Orange Billed babbler, Sri Lanka Blue Magpie, Sri Lanka Spurfowl and the Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl.


Sri Lanka’s tropical nature is one of the most exotic natures in the world. Most tropical species like slender loris, leopards, wild cats and jungle cats, sloth bears and elephants can be witnessed in Sri Lanka. The Pearl of the Indian Ocean is also famous for migrating and indigenous birds.