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Colonial buildings in Negombo

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Negombo is located approximately 37 km north of the commercial capital Colombo in Sri Lanka. It is located at the mouth of the Negombo Lagoon. The wide sandy beaches, and the safe sea are the main attractions of Negombo, along with the Dutch Canal (also known as Hamilton Canal), the Dutch Fort and the fish market. Negombo has numerous tiled cottages and bungalows from colonial times. There are a large number of churches and catholic religious statues. Hence Negombo is also nicknamed “Little Italy”.
The Negombo Fort

The Negombo Fort

Negombo was a small but important fort in Negombo, Sri Lanka, about 30 kilometers north of Colombo, that was built by the Portuguese to defend Colombo. In its time the fort at Negombo was probably the next in strategic importance after Colombo, Jaffna and Galle. The original Portuguese fort was a weak structure, and was captured by Dutch forces commanded by Philip Lucasz, in February 1640. The Portuguese retook the fort in December 1643. They then strengthened the fortifications and managed to defend the fort until it was recaptured by the Dutch under the command of François Caron, in January 1644.

The original bastions were destroyed by the Dutch cannons during the siege of the fort. The Dutch subsequently rebuilt it in 1672 however not on the usual square pattern, but on a pentagonal one, though it had only four bulwarks, the fifth was never constructed (possibly due to the cost). The fort was located on a narrow strip of land between the Negombo Lagoon and an inlet of the sea. In February 1796 it was occupied by the British without opposition. Later the British authorities decided to demolish the fort and build a prison in its place, constructed from the stones of the fort. Nowadays all that remains is a section of the eastern rampart with mounds at its Northern and Southern ends, where the previous bastions existed, and an arched gateway. Above the gateway is a slab of granite, with the date 1678 inscribed, surmounted by a high decorative gable. It is still used as a prison

St. Stephen's Church

St. Stephen’s Church in Negombo is one of the oldest Anglican churches in Sri Lanka, situated in Negombo, giving the city a colonial touch. The church that is set upon a hill is popularly known among the folks as ‘Kanda Uda Palliya’ – Church on a Hill. It was consecrated on 31 July 1880 in the presence of dedicated devotees which included several Wesleyans.
St. Stephen's Church


The architecture of Sri Lanka is influenced by colonisation by the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the English. The colonial architecture of ancient Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, forms a major part of Sri Lanka’s tourist attractions. Many of the colonial buildings from different eras can be found in cities like Colombo, Galle, Kandy, Negombo, Jaffna and Trincomalee and there are remains of Portuguese, Dutch, and English Forts all around Sri Lanka.